What is Base Laminate
Base laminate is the foundational material used in the construction of printed circuit boards. It serves as the substrate layer, forming the base upon which the other layers of the PCB are built. The base laminate plays a crucial role in providing structural integrity to the PCB and ensuring its reliability and functionality.
Typically, the base laminate is a type of composite material known as a laminate. It is composed of thin layers of different materials that are bonded together using heat and pressure. The most commonly used base laminate in the PCB industry is FR-4, which is made of glass-reinforced epoxy. Other types of base laminates mentioned include FR-02 (polyimide), FR-06 (Teflon), and CEM-01 (ceramic).
The base laminate is developed through a curing process under high temperatures and pressure, which allows the thermoset resin to bond the layers together and create a final piece of uniform thickness. This process ensures the structural integrity and stability of the PCB.
The choice of base laminate is critical as it directly affects the electrical properties, thermal conductivity, and mechanical strength of the PCB. Different types of base laminates have varying properties, such as dielectric constant, thermal expansion coefficient, and moisture absorption rate. These properties significantly impact the overall performance and reliability of the PCB.