What is Basic Wettability

By Bester PCBA

Last Updated: 2023-09-04

Table of Contents

What is Basic Wettability

Basic wettability is the ability of a metal or metal alloy to be wetted by molten solder. It is a measure of how easily the solder spreads and adheres to the surface of the metal or metal alloy. Good wettability is essential for effective soldering and ensures the formation of reliable and robust solder joints.

Wetting occurs when the molten solder forms a thin and uniform layer on the surface of the metal or metal alloy, creating a strong bond. This is desirable as it promotes good electrical and thermal conductivity, which are crucial for the proper functioning of the PCB.

Several factors influence basic wettability. The surface energy of the metal or metal alloy plays a significant role, with higher surface energy materials exhibiting better wettability. Surface cleanliness is also crucial, as any contaminants or residues can hinder wetting and result in poor solder joints.

Furthermore, the composition of the solder itself can impact wettability. Different solder alloys have varying wetting characteristics, and the choice of solder alloy should be carefully considered to ensure optimal wettability.

Leave a Comment

The reCAPTCHA verification period has expired. Please reload the page.