What is Conductor Spacing
Conductor spacing is the minimum distance or gap between adjacent edges of isolated conductive patterns in a conductor layer. It determines the insulation and isolation between conductive traces to prevent electrical interference or short circuits.
The IPC 2221B standard provides guidelines for conductor spacing, differentiating between internal conductors, external conductors, and component leads. These standards help ensure the appropriate spacing requirements based on factors such as voltage levels, signal integrity, and manufacturing processes.
Conductor spacing maintains the integrity of electrical signals on a PCB. By maintaining the necessary distance between conductive traces, it helps prevent unintended electrical connections or signal crosstalk. The specific spacing requirements may vary depending on the PCB design and the specific voltage levels involved.
Conductor spacing is often calculated using specialized tools such as PCB Conductor Spacing and Voltage Calculators. These tools allow designers to input specific voltage values and determine the minimum spacing required to avoid electrical issues.