What is Board
Board is a printed circuit board (PCB). A PCB is a flat board made of non-conductive material, typically fiberglass, that serves as a foundation for mounting and interconnecting electronic components. It plays a crucial role in the manufacturing process of electronic devices.
PCBs are designed with conductive pathways, known as traces, which are etched or printed onto the board. These traces provide the necessary electrical connections between the various components on the board. Additionally, PCBs can have multiple layers of conductive material, allowing for more complex circuit designs and a higher density of components.
The fabrication process of a PCB involves etching the traces onto different metal layers of the board. This process creates the conductive pathways that connect the components. After the fabrication process, the board is referred to as a “bare board” since it does not have any components mounted on it yet.
Once the bare board is ready, it is sent to an assembly facility where the electronic components are loaded onto the board. This process involves soldering the components onto the board using techniques such as surface mount technology (SMT) or through-hole technology (THT), depending on the type of components being used.
After the components are soldered, the board undergoes inspection and testing to ensure its functionality and quality. This step is crucial to identify any manufacturing defects or issues that may affect the performance of the final product.