What is Materials for PCB
Materials for PCB refer to the various substances used in the fabrication of printed circuit boards. These materials are chosen based on their specific properties and characteristics, which directly impact the performance and functionality of the PCB.
The base material of a PCB, known as the Copper Clad Laminate (CCL), is a composite material composed of a dielectric layer and a conductor or high purity copper foil. The dielectric layer is typically made up of materials like resin and glass fiber, providing insulation and mechanical support to the PCB.
In addition to the CCL, there are several other materials commonly used in PCB manufacturing. These include metals such as copper, aluminum, and iron, which are utilized as the conductive layer in PCBs. Copper, in particular, is widely preferred due to its excellent conductivity.
Other materials used in PCBs include PTFE or Teflon, which is a strong and lightweight material with low thermal expansion properties. PTFE is often chosen for applications that require tight tolerances and flame resistance.
FR-4, a glass-reinforced epoxy laminate, is the most commonly used material in PCBs. It is a composite made of woven fiberglass cloth and a flame-resistant epoxy resin binder. FR-4 boards are known for their strength, electrical insulation properties, and resistance to moisture absorption.
Polyimide is another material used in PCBs, particularly for flexible and rigid-flex PCBs. It offers excellent thermal stability and can operate at high temperatures, making it suitable for applications like flexible sensors and displays.
While less commonly used, PEEK (Polyether Ether Ketone) is another material that finds application in PCB manufacturing. Its high-temperature resistance and excellent mechanical properties make it suitable for specific PCB requirements.